*A. Refereed Publications (*denotes publication with graduate student, **denotes publication with undergraduate student, TBD = to be determined) 1. *Metzger, JR, B Konar, MS Edwards (in press) Assessing a macroalgal foundation species: community variation with shifting algal assemblages. Marine Biology 2. Edwards, MS (2019) Comparing the impacts of four ENSO events on giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Algae. 34: 141-151. 3. *Haas, H, TJ Braje, MS Edwards, JM Erlandson and SG Whitaker (2019). Black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii) population structure shifts through deep time: Management implications for southern California’s northern Channel Islands. Ecology and Evolution 9: 4721-4732 DOI: 10.1002/ece3.5075 4. *Bland, A, B. Konar, MS Edwards (2019) Spatial trends and environmental drivers of epibenthic shelf community structure across the Aleutian Islands. Continental Shelf Research. TBD. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2019.01.006 5. *Yarimizu, K, R Cruz-Lopez, E. Garcia-Mendoza, M. Edwards, ML Carter, CJ Carrano (2018). Distribution of dissolved iron and bacteria producing the photoreactive siderophore, vibrioferrin, in waters off Southern California and Northern Baja. Biometals 32: 139-154. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10534-018-00163-312345volV() 0123458697().,-volV) 6. Kim, JH, SA Kim, MS Edwards and IA Lee (2018). Anti-inflammatory effects of polyphenol extracts from Ulva linza (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta). Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences 10: 212-219. 7. Edwards, MS (2018). Book Review: “Protocols for Macroalgal Research”, by Bénédicte C, T Wichard and CRK Reddy. Journal of Phycology https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12789 8. *Cavalcanti, G, P Shukla, M Morris, B Ribeiro, M Foley, M Doane, C Thompson, M Edwards, E Dinsdale and F Thompson (2018). Rhodoliths holobionts in a changing ocean: Host-microbes interactions mediate coralline algae resilience under ocean acidification. BMC Genomics 19: 701-714. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-018-5064-4 9. *J Minich, JJ., M. Morris, M. Brown, M. Doane, MS Edwards, TP Michael and EA Dinsdale (2018) Elevated temperature drives kelp microbiome dysbiosis, while elevated carbon dioxide induces water microbiome disruption. PLOS ONE: PONE-D-17-36707R2 10. *Gabara, S, S. Hamilton, M Edwards and D Steller (2018). Rhodolith structural loss decreases abundance, diversity, and stability of benthic communities at Santa Catalina Island, CA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 595: 71-88 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12528. 11. Aburto-Oropeza, O, + 92 others including M Edwards. (2018) Harnessing Cross-border Resources to Confront Climate Change. Environmental Science and Policy 87: 128-132. 12. Noren, S, C. Poll and MS Edwards (2017) Body Growth and Rapid Hematological Development Supports Breath-hold of Baby Belugas (Delphinapterus leucas) During Sub-ice Transit. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. 91: 692-704. 13. Ramírez-Valdez, Arturo; Aburto-Oropeza, Octavio; Arafeh Dalmau, Nur; Beas-Luna, Rodrigo; Caselle, Jennifer E; Castorani, Max C. N; Cavanaugh, Kyle; Edwards, Matthew; Hernández-Carmona, Gustavo; Johnson, Andrew F; Leslie, Heather M; Montaño-Moctezuma, Gabriela; Micheli, Fiorenza; Palleiro-Nayar, Julio; Parnell, P. Ed, Reed, Daniel C; Sosa-Nishizaki, Oscar; Torre, Jorge; Torres-Moye, Guillermo; Zertuche-González, José A; Raimondi, Peter (2017). Mexico-California Bi-National Initiative of Kelp Forest Ecosystems and Fisheries. UC Office of the President: UC-Mexico Initiative. Retrieved from: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/8sp8j4xs 14. #Gonzalez, JG, T Tymon, FC Küpper, MS Edwards and CJ Corrano (2017). The potential role of kelp forests on iodine speciation in coastal seawater. Submitted to PLOS ONE 12(12): e0189559. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189559 15. *Konar, B. MS Edwards, A. Bland, J. Metzger, A. Ravelo, S. Traiger, B. Weitzman (2017). A swath across the great divide: kelp forests across the Samalga Pass biogeographic break. Continental Shelf Research 143: 79-88. 16. *Hondolero, D and MS Edwards (2017). Physical and biological characteristics of kelp forests in Kachemak Bay. Alaska. Marine Biology. 164: 81-93. 17. *Shukla P and MS Edwards (2017). Elevated pCO2 is less detrmental that increased temperature to early development of the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrfera (Phaeophyceae, Lamnariales). Phycologia 56: 638-648. 18. Edwards, MS (2017). Book Review: “The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests”, by DR Schiel and MS. Foster Journal of Phycology 19. *Morris, M.M., E. Dinsdale, J.M. Haggerty, MS Edwards (2016) Altered microbial abundance and community composition affect recruitment and development in gametophytes of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera. Frontiers in Microbiology 7:1800 doi 10.3389 20. *Krumhansl, KA, Okamoto DK; Rassweiler A; Novak M; Bolton, JJ, Cavanaugh KC; Connell SD, Johnson CR; Konar B; Ling SD; Micheli F; Norderhaug K; Pérez-Matus A; Sousa-Pinto I; Reed D; Salomon AK; Shears NT; Wernberg T; Anderson RJ,, Barrett N; Buschmann AH; Carr MH; Caselle JE; Derrien-Courtel S; EdgarGJ; Edwards MS; Estes J; Goodwin C; Kenner MC; Kushner DJ; Moy FE; Nunn10 J; Steneck RS; Vásquez JA; Watson J; Witman J, Byrnes JEK (2016). Global patterns of kelp forest change over the past half-century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113: 13785 – 13790. 21. *JH Kim, EJ Kang, MS Edwards, K Lee, HJ Jeong, and KY Kim (2016). Species-specific responses of temperate macroalgae with different photosynthetic strategies to ocean acidification: a mesocosm study. Algae 31: 243-256. 22. *Drobonitch, ST, K Nickols and MS Edwards (2016). Abiotic influences on bicarbonate use in the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera, in the Monterey Bay. Journal of Phycology. 53: 85-94. 23. *Boras-Chavez, R., MS Edwards, DL Alvizu-Huiguera, E. Montesinos, G Hernandez-Carmona and D. Breceño-Domínguez. (2016). Repetitive harvesting of Macrocystis pyrifera and its effects on chemical constitutes of economic value. Botanica Marina 59: 63-71. 24. *Kim, JH, EJ Kang, K Kim, HJ Jeong, L Kitack, MS Edwards, MG Park, BG Lee, and KY Kim (2015). Evaluation of carbon flux in vegetative bay based on ecosystem production and CO2 exchange driven by coastal autotrophs. Algae 30: 121-137. 25. *Konar, BK, MS Edwards and T Efird (2015). Local habitat and regional oceanographic influence on fish distribution patterns in the diminishing kelp forests across the Aleutian Archipelago. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 98: 1935-1951. 26. Forrest, MJ, MS Edwards, R Rivera and J.R. Jaeger (2015). High prevalence and seasonal persistence of amphibian chytrid fungus infections in the desert-dwelling Amargosa toad, Anaxyrus nelson. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 10: 917-925. 27. *Brown, M.B., MS Edwards and K.Y. Kim (2014). Effects of climate change on the physiology of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera, and grazing by purple urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Algae 29: 203-215. 28. Konar, B.K., MS Edwards and JA Estes (2014). Biological interactions maintain the boundaries between kelp forests and urchin barrens in the Aleutian Archipelago. Hydrobiologia 724: 91-107. 29. #VanMeter, K. and MS Edwards (2013). The effects of grazing on kelp zoospore dispersal potential. Journal of Phycology 49: 896-901. 30. *Torres-Moye, G, MS Edwards and GC Montaño –Moctezuma (2013). Benthic community studies in kelp forest habitats from the Southern California Bight. Ciencias Marinas 39: 239-252. 31. *Jones, C.L., T.W. Anderson and MS Edwards (2013). Evaluating eelgrass site quality by the settlement, performance, and survival of a marine fish. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 445: 61-68. 32. *Forrest, MJ, JT Kulongoski, MS Edwards, C.D. Farra and K. Belitz, (2013) Investigation of potential contamination of public water supply wells by hydrothermal waters in Napa and Sonoma Valleys, California. Applied Geochemistry 33: 25-40. 33. *Carney, LT., AJ Bohonak, MS Edwards and F Alberto (2013). Genetic and experimental evidence for a mixed age, mixed origin bank of kelp microscopic stages in southern California. Ecology 94: 1955-1965. 34. Edwards, MS and SD Connell (2012). “Competition” In: Seaweed Ecophysiology and Ecology. Pgs 135-156. Edited by C. Wiencke and K. Bischof. Published by Springer. 35. Wilmers, CC, JA Estes, MS Edwards, KL Laidre and B Konar (2012). Do trophic cascades affect the storage and flux of atmospheric carbon? An analysis of sea otters and kelp forests. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 409-415. 36. Edwards, MS and BK Konar (2012). A comparison of dragon kelp, Eualaria fistulosa, (Phaeophyceae) fecundity in urchin barrens and nearby kelp beds throughout the Aleutian Archipelago. Journal of Phycology 48: 897-901. 37. *Borras-Chavez, R, MS Edwards and J. Vasquez (2012). Testing sustainable management in Northern Chile: harvesting Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). A case study. Journal of Applied Phycology 24: 1655-1665. 38. *Dodge, C.A. and MS Edwards (2012). Seasonal variation in the effects of food availability on gametogenesis in the purple urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus). Marine Biology 159: 427-433. 39. *Evans, L. and MS Edwards (2011). Bioaccumulation of Copper and Zinc by the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera. Algae 26: 265-275. 40. *Cie, D and M. Edwards (2011). Vertical distribution of kelp zoospores. Phycologia 50:340-350. 41. *Fejtek, SM, MS Edwards, KY Kim (2011). Elk kelp, Pelagophycus porra, distribution limited due to susceptibility of microscopic stages to high light. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 396: 194-201. 42. *Carney, LT and MS Edwards (2010). Role of nutrient fluctuations and delayed development in gametophyte reproduction by Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyceae) in southern California. Journal of Phycology 46:987-996. 43. Konar, B, K Iken, JJ Cruz-Motta, L Beneditti-Cicchi, A Knowlton, G Pohle, P Milosavich, MS Edwards, T Trott, E Kimani, R Riosmena-Rodriguez, M Wong, S. Jenkins, A Silva, IS Pinto and Y. Shirayama (2010). Current patterns of macroalgal diversity and biomass in Northern Hemisphere rocky shores. PLOS One 5: e13195. 44. Edwards, MS and KY Kim (2010). Diurnal variation in photosynthetic performance in giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) at different depths as estimated using PAM fluorometry. Aquatic Botany 92: 119-128. 45. Konar, BK, K Iken and MS Edwards (2009) Depth-stratified community zonation patterns on Gulf of Alaska rocky shores. Marine Ecology 30: 63-73. 46. Edwards, M.S. and M. Tinker (2009). Monitoring benthic algal communities: a comparison of targeted and coefficient sampling methods. Algae 24:1-10. 47. *Cie, D.K. and MS Edwards (2008). The effects of high irradiance on the settlement competency and viability of kelp zoospores. Journal of Phycology 44:495-500. 48. *Chenolet, H, K Iken, B Konar and MS Edwards (2007). Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Echinoderms in Rocky Nearshore Areas of Alaska. The NaGISA World Congress 11:11-28. 49. *Matson, PG and MS Edwards (2007). Effects of ocean temperature on the southern range limits of two understory kelps, Pterygophora californica and Eisenia arborea, at multiple life-stages. Marine Biology 151: 1941-1949. 50. Foster, M.S., MS Edwards, DC Reed, DR Schiel and RC Zimmerman (2006). Top-down vs. bottom-up effects in kelp forests. Science 313: 1737-1738. 51. Edwards, MS and JA Estes (2006). Catastrophe, recovery, and range limitation in NE Pacific kelp forests: a large-scale perspective. Marine Ecology Progress Series 320:79-87. 52. *Carney, LC and MS Edwards (2006). Cryptic processes in the sea: a review of delayed development in the microscopic stages of marine macroalgae. Algae 21:161-168. 53. *Matson, PG and MS Edwards (2006). Stipe hollowing in Eisenia arborea: variation across a latitudinal gradient. Phycologia 45:343-348. 54. Edwards, MS and G Hernández-Carmona (2005). Delayed recovery of giant kelp near its southern range limit in the North Pacific following El Niño. Marine Biology 147:273-279. 55. Edwards, MS (2004). Estimating scale dependency in disturbance impacts: El Niños and giant kelp forests in the Northeast Pacific. Oecologia 138: 436-447. 56. Clark, RP, MS Edwards and MS Foster. (2004). Effects of shade from multiple kelp canopies on an understory algal assemblage. Marine Ecology Progress Series 267: 107-119. 57. Graham, MH and MS Edwards (2001). Statistical significance versus factor fit: estimating the importance of individual factor in ecological analysis of variance. Oikos 93: 505-513. 58. Edwards, MS (2001). Scale-dependent patterns of community regulation in giant kelp forests. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California Santa Cruz. 59. Edwards, MS (2000). The role of microscopic life-history stages in the persistence of marine macroalgae in seasonally variable environments. Ecology 81(9): 2404-2415. 60. Edwards, MS (1999). Using in situ substrate sterilization and fluorescence microscopy in studies of microscopic stages of marine macroalgae. Proceedings form the 16th Annual International Seaweeds Symposium. Hydrobiologia 398/399: 253-259. 61. Edwards, MS (1998). Effects of long-term kelp canopy exclusion on the abundance of the annual alga Desmarestia ligulata. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 228: 309-326. 62. Edwards, MS (1996). Factors affecting the recruitment of the annual alga Desmarestia ligulata along the central California coast. Masters Thesis, San Francisco State University.
Edwards, M.S. and S.D. Connell (2012). “Competition” In: Seaweed Ecophysiology and Ecology. Pgs 135-156. Edited by C. Wiencke and K. Bischof. Published by Springer. pdf
Edwards, M. S. (in press) “Kelp forests” In: Ocean and Coastal Management Special Edition - Blue Carbon. Edited by Terri Young. Published by UNEP-WCMC
Edwards, M.S “Kelp forests”. Book chapter in the Encyclopedia of Oceanography and Marine Science. Published by the Moschovitis Group.